Origanum syriacum subp.syriacum, used in Lebanese traditional foods, was selected to develop safe bioinsecticides. The genus Origanum includes 39 species of perennial plants widely distributed throughout the world whose composition of essential oils and other constituents varies with the geographical location, climate, and other ecological factors. PubMed:[The treatment of respiratory ailments with essential oils of some aromatic medicinal plants]. Origanum dictamnus is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.4 m (1ft 4in) at a medium rate. Other uses of the herb: An essential oil from the plant is used as a food flavouring, in soaps and perfumery. Evergreen sub shrub, Ht. 4 0 obj You mix the dried and powdered herb with various other ingredients–garlic, salt, olive oil, crushed sumac seeds, etc and use it on bread. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in … The essential oils obtained from aromatic plants such as Origanumhave been widely used since the Middle Ages for numerous applications. It is in flower from June to August. Assi mentioned that Origanum syriacum and Thymus decussatus are the most collected species for trade in Saint Catherine protectorate because of their medicinal value. Genus: Origanum. Start indoors in the north. endemic of Lebanon and O. syriacum L. from Lebanon were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Origanum syriacum is a medicinal plant widely used in Jordan both as a folk remedy and in the food and beverage industry. Ayesh BM, Abed AA, Faris DM (2014) vitro inhibition of human leukemia THP-1 cells by Origanum syriacum L. and Thymus … It is also a name given to blends that contain a majority of za’atar or Origanum syriacum. For this reason it is now being cultivated … endobj Overharvesting, urbanization pressure, and uncontrolled forest fires threaten O. syriacum growing wild. An exception is the use of Origanum syriacum by the Samaritans in exactly the same manner as in Biblical times [28:71-2]. <>>> • Both the EO and carvacrol were toxic to M. persicae, S. littoralis and M. domestica.. No EO toxicity was noted on the non-target species H. axyridis and E. fetida.. O. syriacum EO is a good candidate … (Numbers 19:6) Origanum syriacum is thought to be the true Hyssop of the Bible. Use. 5. Latin name: Origanum syriacum Family: Labiatae Edible parts of Bible Hyssop: The leaves and flowering tops are used as a seasoning, having a flavour reminiscent of a blend of thyme, marjoram and oregano. PubMed:Composition of essential oil compounds from different Syrian populations of Origanum syriacum L. (Lamiaceae). Zaatar is a Middle Eastern perennial that is used as a sort of condiment, generally mixed with other herbs and spices, such as sesame seeds, black cumin, fennel, onions, and. Ken Fern, Most of the plants in the Bible are only mentioned in passing, with reference to medicinal use occurring even less. A member of the Labiatae family, Origanum syriacum L is also known by its common name of Bible Hyssop.. My Garden: … Find out how to use oregano, and who should avoid it. Similar to L. dentata , O. syriacum has antioxidant, antimicrobial, immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and antispasmodic properties [ 39 , 40 ]. Likewise, O. syriacum has many culinary uses and medicinal purposes. <> Last update on 2019-08-24: Now containing 8457 plants. The plant is harvested as flowering begins and can be used fresh or dried. Origanum syriacum is harvested in the wild for use in preparing za'atar, a mixture of dried herbs, sesame and sumac for flavoring and garnish. Origanum also has a highly developed cu… The essential oils of Origanum vulgare L. ssp. Externally, it is used to treat muscular pain, bronchial complaints, arthritis, sprains and stiff joints[238]. The dried herb is sometimes mixed with sumac (from Rhus species) to form the spice blend known as "zatar", this is used along with olive oil as a topping for breads. Common name:Za’atar, Zaatar Bible Hyssop, Origanum syriacum,Syrian Oregano. Grows to 24 inches. damascena, Cyclotrichium origanifolium, Origanum ehrenbergii, Viola libanotica, Clinopodium libanoticum) Assessment and Monitoring • Government • NGO • Research institutions 4. Clusters of white knotted flowers. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. ... Origanum syriacum L, Origanum vulgare L, and Salvia triloba L was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. This plant is believed to be the hyssop of the Old Testament of the Bible, hence the sometimes used common name of Bible hyssop or Holy hyssop. A member of the Labiatae family, Origanum syriacum LOriganum syriacum is a perennial found in areas such as S. Europe - E. Mediterranean to W. Asia. Origanum is used widely in the Lebanese cuisine, raw or cooked, and is commonly found in Lebanese stores and homes. A few archaeological studies illuminate the use of medicinal plants in the Holy Land in Biblical times and even earlier. National distribution surveys, mapping and population assessments for selected medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) in Lebanon (Salvia fruticosa, Origanum syriacum, This oregano relative is native to the Mediterranean and has been used for centuries as a culinary and medicinal herb. See the list of Medicinal herbs in Israel, the parts used and their medical uses to treat various diseases. However, in recent years there has been a move to cultivate the plant due to increasing demand and a severe reduction in natural populations. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Origanum syriacum, known as “zaatar” or “zoubaa” in Lebanon, is one of the most popular herbs used in traditional Lebanese medicine and largely used in the famous Lebanese pizza “mankouchi”.It is an aromatic plant species belonging to the Lamiaceae family. The leaves, dried herbs, and volatile oil of Origanum have been used in folk medicine for centuries. %���� Oval grey/green, slightly hairy leaves that have a strong flavour. The velvety gray-green leaves are highly aromatic and have the blended flavor of marjoram, thyme, and oregano. Richard Morris. Medicinal The aerial parts of the plant have been shown to have a moderately strong inhibitory effect on the production of pancreatic lipase, thus helping to lower lipid levels in the body. It could, therefore, have a role to play in the treatment of obesity 50 seeds PLANTING Origanum syriacum Tender perennial: Zone 9-11 Germination: 7-14 … It is a very important plant as far as its economic use is concerned. This is a spicy smelling and tasting oregano-like herb that is the keystone herb in the condiment “Zaatar or Zaatari,” which is used quite frequently by people living in the Middle East. Medicinal plants and culinary herbs have gained importance in the last decade as cytotoxic and antitumor agents. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. with help from stream 1 0 obj 2 0 obj 3 0 obj Oregano contains antioxidants. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. salt, all blended in olive oil and used as a spread, like a nut butter. 60cm, spread 45cm. <> Background. In three populations … viridulum (Martin-Donos) Nyman from Greece, O. libanoticum Boiss. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Due to the over-harvesting, this species has become a cultivated crop rather than being collected from the wild. The composition was dominated by carvacrol and/or thymol with a high degree of polymorphism in the occurrence of these two compounds between the different populations. So precious is this herb that in the Levant, Arabs will send out foraging parties to gather it. Origanum syriacum . The database and code is licensed under a web interface by In this article we report the traditional medicinal uses of eleven Lamiaceae species: Coridothymus capitatus L., Lavandula stoechas L., Lavandula angustifolia Mill., Mentha spicata L. subsp. Origanum syriacum (O. syriacum) is a very popular edible and medicinal plant in the East Mediterranean countries.The aims of the current study were to use microwave-ultrasonic assisted hydrodistillation (MUAHD) method to produce essential oils (EOs) from wild O. syriacum samples collected from four different geographical areas in The West Bank using water as a solvent, determine … Marjoram is often used medicinally in the form of the essential oil, about 400 grams being obtained from 70 kilos of the fresh herb[4]. You mix the dried and powdered herb with various other ingredients–garlic, salt, olive oil, crushed sumac seeds, etc and use it on bread. Family: Lamiaceae. As a herb, supplement, or essential oil, it may offer many health benefits. condensata, Origanum syriacum L., Rosmarinus officinalis, Salvia fruticosa Miller., Satureja cuneifolia Ten., Satureja thymbra L., Thymbra spicata L., and Vitex agnus-castus L. and study the chemical composition and … As the plant can be treated with pesticides during commercial production, three different methods for pesticide multiresidue analysis of this plant have been evaluated. Genus Origanumis important medicinally as it has antimicrobial, antifungal, antioxidant, antibacterial, antithrombin, antimutagenic, angiogenic, antiparasetic and antihyperglycaemic activities. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. It is a preferred primary ingredient in the spice mixture za'atar. endobj The dried herb is sometimes mixed with sumac (from Rhus species) to form the spice blend known as 'zatar', this is used along with olive oil as a topping for breads[183]. ... Tender perennial grown as an annual. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. GC–MS showed that carvacrol was the essential oil (EO) major component. x��=�r�8���?��n;,�8�=�{�w�����އr�,iFR�K�=�?ڿ�L� �W8T�"�D"��ȋ���/�?����W߽^u�����W�ߞ>�-�Ű��_ˤ`Ê��ѕd};������ovw�~�z��ϧOV߼y�ZE�����������ջ�O� ��z�Z�Dۉ�;�׭����O���^5��z���'߼+��t��T�O�V� xR�Wb -Q���j�yK��{���WO�ОᐾAO�z��rH��@�������b�"�U�N��h�۾_�¥d��+�_4�!+�Տ-Z����ߚ��7��/�ҭۆ��ΥU쏅���,���` ������%ޯgP�GCA��@��I�R��w�_פ�AF�\�G�̰|��4���2�+ñ0# +�/`F��r�B�;"�A� Origanum syriacum grows wild in the Lebanese mountains and can be found everywhere in rocky places from the North to the South and at different altitudes. Origanum syriacum Middle East Oregano, Za'attar A family run herb farm with over 30 years’ experience in growing and using medicinal and culinary herb plants and seeds. Very rarely ethnobotanical information may help concerning the medicinal Biblical plants. Past supply of this herb has been mostly from wild or natural populations. %PDF-1.5 Oregano za’atar contains carvacrol a terpenoid similar to thymol that acts to inhibit … This species is highly used in Lebanese traditional medicine and is a staple food in Lebanese gastronomy. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Phytochemical investigations of the species of this genus have resulted in the extraction of a number of important bioactive compounds. Find Origanum syriacum (Middle East Oregano, Za'attar) online at Jekka's. Medicinal use of Bible Hyssop: None … The herb contains 0.15 - 0.4% essential oil and makes good herbal pillows and baths. Hyssop is a wild aromatic herb similar to oregano, which was thrown into the fire when the red heifer was offered as a burnt sacrifice during Temple times. Origanum syriacum is commonly called Syrian oregano, Lebanese oregano or simply, Zaatar or Za’atar (pronounced ZAH-tur with a glottal stop after the first syllable). endobj To get around this they sometimes chose names from their local floras to make the plants seem familiar to their readers. ... Conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants in arid and semi-arid ecosystems project. Medicinal Uses. Origanum syriacum is a perennial found in areas such as S. Europe - E. Mediterranean to W. Asia. Translators of the Bible, such as the King James Version (1611), were unfamiliar with the original Hebrew and knew little of the flora of the Holy Land. Ajna Fern We hypothesized that some of the commonly used spices with reported antimicrobial activity might have antiproliferative activity. Useful Temperate Plants Database 2016 by PubMed:Effect of ethnomedicinal plants used in folklore medicine in Jordan as antibiotic resistant inhibitors on Escherichia coli. Edible Uses: Condiment The leaves and flowering tops are used as a seasoning, having a flavour reminiscent of a blend of thyme, marjoram and oregano[183]. The antiproliferative activities of … ��̡@����rRd�������s�У�-$A|�Z�gs�B��ZVZ��� ����aל��bG��D�VĬh�. Background: Origanum syriacum L. is an aromatic plant growing wild in Lebanon. Perennial. A herb tea is made from the dried leaves and flowering stems. The chemical compositions of the essential oil compounds of 117 individual plants belonging to 11 Syrian populations of Origanum syriacum L. (Lamiaceae) were studied by GC-FID and GC-MS. This is a spicy smelling and tasting oregano-like herb that is the keystone herb in the condiment “Zaatar or Zaatari,” which is used quite frequently by people living in the Middle East. These include Lippia graveolens, L. palmeri and Origanum syriacum. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here, Syrian oregano chose names from their local to! 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Exactly the same manner as in Biblical times [ 28:71-2 ] as Origanumhave been widely used since Middle. All blended in olive oil and makes good herbal pillows and baths analyzed... Numerous applications antitumor agents majority of Za ’ atar or Origanum syriacum L. ( )... Plants such as Origanumhave been widely used since the Middle Ages for numerous applications flavouring, in soaps and.! ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, arthritis sprains... The velvety gray-green leaves are highly aromatic and have the blended flavor of,... Would like to support this site, please consider, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Unported... Oil ( EO ) major component in Biblical times [ 28:71-2 ] syriacum L, syriacum... And code is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License web interface by Ajna Fern with from!, used in folk medicine for centuries how to use oregano, and volatile oil of Origanum subp.syriacum. Herbs have gained importance in the Levant, Arabs will send out foraging parties to gather.! Concerning the medicinal Biblical plants to medicinal use of medicinal plants in the extraction of number!